TIMBER SPECIES

Australian & Imported Timber Species for Floors & Stairs
American Oak Floors & Stairs
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American White Oak is a popular species for flooring due to its interesting and pronounced grain pattern. American White Oak is also a species that takes stain extremely well, meaning that a multitude of colours can be achieved with little fuss. American White Oak is grown predominantly on the East Coast of the United States. The name “White” Oak refers to the bark of the tree which is a whitish, ash grey colour. Look & Features Large distinctive growth rings, some medullary rays may be present. Botanical Name Quercus Alba. Colour Golden honey browns, some boards can have hints of soft pink tones.

Blackbutt Floors & Stairs
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Blackbutt is a species that grows in abundance in the coastal forests in New South Wales and southern Queensland. The common name is derived from the distinctive black, charcoal look that is only on the base of the trunk. The timber is renowned for both its strength and versatility of application. Blackbutt is a straight grained timber, with a warm nutty hue which will compliment a range of interior designs where a lighter neutral palette is required. Look & Features Exhibits pinholes, dark gum veins and some surface checking. Botanical Name Eucalyptus Pilularis. Colour fairly even from a light honey through to golden nutty browns - sapwood is distinctively paler. Natural Durability Class 1 (above ground), Janka Rating 9.1.

Blue Gum Floor & Stairs
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Sydney Blue Gum is a popular species that grows on the New South Wales Coast. A large tree that has a distinctive bluish tinge to its smooth bark, it is very common in the Sydney and Blue Mountains area, thus the origins of its common name. Sydney Blue gum is a relatively straight grained timber, with some small amounts of interlocking. The beautiful colour and its strong and hard natural attributes make Sydney Blue Gum sort after for both domestic and commercial flooring project the world over. Look & Features Exhibits large cathedral back sawn patterns, hobnails, pinholes and gum veins. Botanical Name Eucalyptus Saligna. Colour Light red through to medium reddish brown, sapwood can be paler. Durability Class 2 (above ground), Janka Rating 9.

Brush Box Floors & Stairs
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Brush Box is a large hardwood with a squarish lower trunk that flourishes in the rich soils of the north east coast of Australia between Sydney and Cairns. With it’s beautiful lush chocolate colours highlighted with reddish-pinkish undertones Brush Box is a floor that matches well with modern elegant spaces. Brush Box has an even texture with a very tight interlocking grain. Look & Features Even texture with a very tight interlocked grain. Botanical Name Lophostemon confertus. Colour Chocolate to reddish - pinkish brown. Janka Rating 9.5.

European Oak Floors & Stairs
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Grey Ironbark Floors & Stairs
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Grey Ironbark offers a large variety of colour from dark chocolate to nutty honey with some dark reddish brown. Grey Ironbark has an interesting tight cathedral grain pattern. Recognised as one of the hardest hardwood flooring available in the world, Grey Ironbark is an extremely hardwearing timber that makes it perfect for timber flooring in high traffic commercial and domestic situations. Grey Ironbark is a large size tree that grows along the coast of New South Wales and southern Queensland. Look & Features Tight interlocking cathedral grain and very little gum vein. Botanical Name Eucalyptus paniculata, Eucalyptus drepanoph, Eucalyptus siderophloia. Colour Dark chocolate, nutty honey with some dark reddish-brown. Natural Durability Class 1 (above ground), Janaka Rating 14.

Kauri Pine Floors & Stairs
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Roasted Peat Floors & Stairs
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Hurford Roasted is a process that has been developed to enhance timber flooring properties. It uses ultrahigh temperature and humidity to change the molecular structure of the hardwood and creates an extremely stable, more durable, denser product while darkening the natural colour. Heating wood to extreme temperatures permanently changes several of its chemical and physical properties. The change in properties is mainly caused by thermic degrading of hemicelluloses. The Hurford Roasting process is carried out in a purpose built Kiln in which the temperature is increased to 185–215 ºC, depending on the processing level. The colour of the wood fibre changes drastically as the ultrahigh temperature is introduced – the higher the temperature, the darker the change to colour of the fibre is. The colour change is permanent and penetrates the entire piece of hardwood, thus eliminating the need to stain flooring to achieve a rich dark coffee brown colour. The Hurford Roasted process increases greatly the stability of flooring. The process reduces the normal shrinkage and swelling that traditional Kiln Dried hardwood can experience by up to 50%, making it an ideal flooring product. The Hurford Roasted process increases the natural durability by 3 to 4 times greater than the same species unroasted, without the use of chemicals to treat the timber. Since no chemicals are required and only water and heat are used, the Hurford Roasted process is extremely environmentally friendly.

Spotted Gum Floor & Stairs
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Spotted Gum is a rich individual timber, desired by Architects and Designers the world over, particularly for its striking backsawn grain structure, attractive fiddleback and vibrant colour palette. Spotted gum is a large native hardwood that is grown in a variety of forest types along the NSW coastal strip into Queensland. The word “spotted” refers to large spot like features that form on the tree as it sheds its bark in strips. Look & Features Backsawn grain, Fiddleback, Distinctive sapwood, gum veins. Botanical Name Corymbia Maculata. Colour Light coffee brown to dark chocolate with some reddish tinges. Natural Durability Class 1 (above ground), Janka Rating 11.

Tallowwood Floors & Stairs
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Tallowwood flooring has long held a majestic presence in Australia, with its golden honey toning, its exceptional durability and its interesting grain features. Sought by Designers and Architects Tallowwood offers an elegant neutral toned palette, with no compromise on density or durability. A large tree that grows in the dryer climates of Northern New South Wales and Southern Queensland, Tallowwood is one of the original timber species used for hardwood flooring in Australia. Look & Features Moderately coarse but even texture with an interlocked grain. Botanical Name Eucalyptus Microcorys. Colour Golden honey brown with a tinge of olive. Natural Durability Class 1, Janka Rating 8.6.

Tasmanian Oak Floors & Stairs
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The name Tasmanian Oak is used to describe a combination of three species of eucalypt commonly found in Tasmania – Alpine Ash, Mountain Ash and Messmate. The reference to Oak originates from early European timber workers who believed it was similar in strength and appearance to English Oak. Alpine Ash (Eucalyptus delegatensis) grows at higher altitudes, while Mountain Ash (Eucalyptus regnans) is found in wetter sites. Messmate (Eucalyptus obliqua) occurs in both wet forests and drier areas. Both Alpine and Mountain Ash are found in Victoria and Tasmania and rank amongst Australia’s tallest eucalypts. Mountain Ash is one of the tallest trees in the world. Together they produce a blend of beautiful colouring from pale cream to pink and reddish-brown. The logs are quartersawn to produce an extremely straight and even grain. This also gives excellent dimensional stability, making Tasmanian Oak a good choice for extreme climates or over radiant heat (see our article later in this issue on laying timber floors over radiant heat).

Turpentine Floors & Stairs
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Turpentine is a large hardwood that grows in the rich lush soils of the north east coast of Australia between Sydney and Cairns. With its beautiful deep chocolate reddish brown colouring, Turpentine is a floor that matches well with modern elegant spaces. Turpentine has an even texture with a very tight interlocking grain. Botanical Name Syncarpia glomulifera. Colour Dark chocolates to reddish brown. Natural Durability Class 1 (above ground). Janaka Rating 12.

What our clients have to say

View our happy clients, fully satisfied with our service.
What an amazing all-round experience. Our initial contact was with Sarah and we were impressed with not only her knowledge of products and options, but her responsiveness, professionalism and willingness to accommodate. Sarah and Sandro were passionate in providing a custom colour that we were ultimately thrilled with, with quite a detailed process to ensure satisfaction. The installation of the high quality American oak flooring and custom floating stairs is incredible. They worked very well with our Builder in a tight program. Couldn’t be happier and would recommend to anyone particular if you are after a team that can deliver various bespoke solutions!
Andrew Gammo

Andrew Gammo

Home Owner

Congratulations to you for being brave and trying something new and innovative. We just knew that we wanted the stairs to look fabulously smart and stylish. You provided that by thinking up your cutting edge concepts to allow us to keep the dark timber on the stair treads - true innovation. So lovely to say we have an Award winning floor!! Thank you for giving us the opportunity to say that.
Alex & Peter

Alex & Peter

Home Owners

Insight Flooring laid the American Oak flooring and floating stairs in our new home and we are delighted! Sandro's attention to detail is impressive and shows in the amazing results, which are commented on by any guests to our house. His experience and passion for his work shone through . Sandro took a lot of time to understand and guide us through the process to ensure our floors and floating stairs exactly matched our vision. Sandro, Sarah and the team at Insight Flooring made the entire process easy and were great to work with. We would highly recommend them.
Peter & Kylie

Peter & Kylie

Home Owners

As a Professional Residential Designer, I have had the pleasure in working with the Insight Flooring team on many of my projects. Their knowledge and attention to detail is impressive and the outcome has always been beautiful and well crafted. My clients have always been extremely happy with Insight Flooring finishes. I will continue to recommend them to all my clients for their timber floors.
Catherine Finlay

Catherine Finlay

Designer & Client

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